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  Nature: 8 animals that share their knowledge
   
   
 
 
 
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12th Feb 2013, 5:38 AM
Not so long ago it was believed that humans are the only specie to successfully transmit the knowledge and acquired skills from one generation to another. But in the past 75 years, as the animal research started advancing new evidence of invention, creative use of intelligence and cultural exchange have been observed. Let's take a look at the 8 animals that are willing to transmit and share their knowledge with their kind.

Guppies, yes you read it exactly right. The cute little fish that might be swimming in your water tank are known for their interesting and diverse sexual behaviors. If a female guppy likes a particular male guppy, other females notice the behavior and copy it. Power of imitation is also known from our culture, take a look at the Justin Bieber phenomenon for example.



Songbirds like sparrows, cowbirds or starlings do not hatch with the ability to know a certain song, they learn it by imitating others, this is why different group of birds sing different melodies.



Parrots are known to be among the most intelligent animals on the planet. Most of the specie are highly social and are impressive imitators so the fact that different group of parrots have different methods of communicating, socializing or feeding.



Crows are my all time favorite birds. There has already been said a lot about these black beauties with penetrative vocal abilities and their highly intelligent ways. What you might not know, the crows can remember human faces, especially the ones that might present a danger to them and are able to share their knowledge of the learned danger with their crow community.



Rats that were being studied in the wild (1991 in Israel), showed an interesting and unique way of feeding as they systematically stripped scales of pine cones before eating them. The group of rats, researched in the lab did not exhibit such feeding behavior unless they were taught to do so by other rats.



Cataceans, marine mammals commonly known as whales, dolphins and porpoises. One of the most advanced animal cultures on the planet. Their songs, sounds and clicks are unique to the individual groups, furthermore, researchers now claim that these vocal difference can now be considered as different dialects. Whales like orcas have a unique way of hunting and have different tastes in food than other groups.



Monkeys or Japanese macaques to be more precise, were the first animals where the word culture was used to describe animal behavior. The study was done in the 1940s by the animal researchers Kinji Imanishi. These spa loving monkeys were observed while washing potatoes prior to eating them, which was passed from a generation to generation. They even upgraded their knowledge by washing the potatoes in salt water, which made the potatoes taste better. Smart little monkeys indeed.



Apes, not to be mistaken with monkeys, although they both belong to the order of primates, are the most human like animals, especially the higher primates like chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas, orangutans or gibbons. Until today, more than 40 groups of chimpanzees have been comprehensively studied and the researchers found more than 65 categories of knowledge sharing, which include all sorts of technology, play, communication, food gathering and eating methods.



So don't be fooled into believing we are the only ones spreading the knowledge and culture on this planet.

Inspired by http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/animals....

changed: mat (13th Feb 2013, 2:36 PM)
 
 
 
   
   
 
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